Second and Third Thematic Discussions towards the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) was taken place on 17-18 October 2017 at Palais des Nations, Geneva. Following the adoption of The New York Declaration (NYD) for Refugees and Migrants by the UN General Assembly in September 2016, UNHCR was called to develop GCR in consultation with States and other stakeholders including NGOs. GCR consist of 2 parts of Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) which is the annex 1 to the NYD and Program of Actions (POAs) which will build a platform of cooperation for implementation of CRRF with predictable burden-and responsibility sharing. Therefore, some countries were selected as pilot countries for CRRF (12 countries at the moment, no country in ASIA), as well as Thematic, regional and national discussions to help for development of GCR. Following Thematic Discussion one in July 2017 which focused on past and current burden-responsibility sharing arrangements, Second and Third Discussions covered other Pillars of CRRF (“Reception and Admission” (Pillar 1), “Support for immediate and ongoing needs” (Pillar 2) and “support to host countries and communities” (Pillar 3). Discussions involved 4 panels at each day and posed key questions on POAs can strengthen the international response to large movement of refuges and protracted situation. Each panel started with short presentation from the panelist and co-chaired by UNHCR and States representatives. Participants then invited to provide feedbacks on preliminary suggestions and make new proposals for POAs, both during the discussions and in form of written contributions.
HAMI NGO, was one the panelist on Second day, 18 Oct, under Third Thematic Discussions, Panel 2 “How can we support the inclusion of refugees in national systems and services”. HAMI briefly raised some of the best practices in Iran for inclusion of Afghan refugees with a focus on Education and Health Services. HAMI emphasized that although these have been great achievement but its sustainability needs further support from international communities; There are still many out of education and are not enrolled in health Insurance services, there are concerns on tensions in the marginalized areas where services do not respond to high rate of needs (classes are overcrowded and etc.). HAMI emphasized on specific programming to include host community in projects to both act as an incentives for the government to welcome the projects and to prevent any potential conflicts. Further involvement of civil society including local NGOs, Afghan organizations, different groups of refugee representatives such as youths, women and religious leaders in all level of program and decision making by the government and international organization and UN agencies to ensure the suitability as well as better addressing the needs was highlighted, so the role of NGOs as the forefront actors with much stronger connection with refugee and sustainability of their existence comparing to others should get recognized much further. In order to get access to full presentation of HAMI Please click here.
To see these 2 thematic discussions on UN web TV click here.
To read more about CRRF on UNHCR-Iran web page click here.